Evolution and history of prosthetics & Prosthetic Devices

What is a prosthesis or Prosthetic device

A prosthesis is a device that artificially replaces the missing parts of the body. A prosthesis device is applied externally to make the loss of the original limb. Prosthesis greatly helps in a patient’s quality of life by improving the appearance and support of the body.

history & evolution of prosthetics

The prosthesis has been through various evolution for long ages. There are pieces of evidence for the use of prosthesis in several civilizations.

Below we will discuss the history of the prosthesis in a hierarchical order.

1.    France
In the era of mid to late 1500s, a French army surgeon made an introduction of modern procedures to amputate the body parts. He is the father of prosthetic designing and modern surgeries for amputations. He was the first to introduce an above-knee prosthesis, an adjustable harness, and a fixed device position. The surgeon took the services of a French locksmith who focused on using paper, leather, and glue to make the prosthesis.

2.    Ancient Romans
The history of prosthetic use among Romans is also bright. There was a famous man who has a history of being the first prosthetic wearer named as General Marcus Sergius.
He belonged to the army and lost his right hand in the 2nd Punic war. He has evidence of wearing the prosthetic limb, which helped him to carry his shield and continue the battle in the war field. He was a great warrior, but the early loss of right lib hindered his long-known career in the military.

3.    Egypt
The first inventors of the prosthetics were Egyptians. They were using this technology even before the French and Roman inventions. The presence of the prosthetics was confirmed in 2000 when a pathologist found a big toe prosthesis on an Egyptian woman’s mummy.
Egyptians were using prosthetics from 950 to 710 B.C.E.

4.    Civil war
In the American civil war era, there was a drastic increase in the number of body parts amputations. This increase in amputees led to more demand for prosthetics. A soldier, James Hanger, got his leg amputation and invented the metal and barrel staves limb with joints at the ankle and knee. This limb was named Hanger limb, which let the researches lead the prosthetic industry on more innovative structures.

5.    20th century
Despite an increasing demand for prosthetics since the civil war, there was no renowned innovation in the prosthetic industry until the year 1970.
In this year, a researcher Ysirdo M. Martinez made an artificial device or limb which could reduce the friction and improve the gait instead of only replicating the motion. This device successfully made walking more comfortable and relieving pressure to improve the quality of life of various patients.

Today’s age And Modern Prosthetics technology

In today’s age, the prosthetic industry is on the peak in terms of innovation and technology. Both manual and digital prosthetic limbs are available, which are even more comfortable.  Nowadays, prosthetics are lightweight, yet strong enough to support the body and give output. Robotic arms are of the most trending research fields in today’s age. With the present technology and resources, the prosthetic industry can go ahead in its advancement and certainly will due to the countless efforts of the scientists.

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