Premenstrual syndrome is characterized by severe and uncomfortable symptoms that begin to appear a few days before the period and may last throughout the period. Although the severity of PMS varies, some women who suffer from it report that the symptoms interfere with their normal daily activities.
What Causes PMS?
Premenstrual syndrome may involve unknown mechanisms. Although it is generally believed to be related to fluctuating hormone levels, but experts are unsure of the exact cause of why some women experience more severe symptoms.
One explanation is that a woman's body may respond to changes in hormones such as progesterone and estrogen in a variety of ways. This may be related to how these hormones interact with other hormonal regulatory systems, such as metabolism. One possible cause is a deficiency of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that transmits signals through the brain and neurological system. According to some data, calcium or magnesium deficiency may also be a contributing cause.
What sleep effects can PMS have?
Sleep issues are frequently brought on by PMS. Before and during their period, women who have PMS are at least twice as likely to develop sleeplessness. Inadequate sleep can result in excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue or drowsiness during menstruation.
Some women may sleep a lot more than usual when they have PMS. Sleeping excessively can result from period fatigue and exhaustion, as well as emotional changes like depression (hypersomnia).
Don't worry! PMS and insomnia are frequent and natural phenomena. According to a survey by the National Sleep Foundation, 16% of women report having missed one or more days of work during the previous month due to sleep-related problems, while 33% of women report that their sleep is disturbed during the menstrual period.
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